Depending on the type of garden you’re planting, you could face different challenges and have different goals than other gardeners.

For example, if you’re planting a vegetable backyard garden, you will want to plant seeds with different spacing and areas than you would with flowers.

This will help optimize your harvest and help secure your food supply for next winter. Or, if you're gardening in a cold climate, you'll face some unique challenges

5Start by mapping the area or areas you intend to garden on your property. Take note of the daily hours of sunlight for each area, the natural slopes of the earth, and the types of soil.


As you might assume, planning a garden should be done before you do anything else this spring. Garden planning should start right away. This will give you time to order the proper seeds, fertilizers, and any other materials you might need.

–You want to be prepared to plant as soon as the weather allows, so don’t wait to get your supplies. And if you have space and the opportunity, you may want to get some seedlings started inside.

–You can start growing some of your seeds in small pots indoors and transplant them to your garden once spring comes around. If you have a cold-frame garden, this will help with transplanting seedlings, as it helps "harden off" the plant and acclimatize it to the outdoor environment.

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